The scope of the company’s activities have continued to expand. As a good corporate citizen, Gazprom Neft is developing an environmental management strategy based on an effective environmental management system and consistent implementation of global best practices in the field of engineering, technology and management. The Company’s strategic goal of environmental protection is to provide leadership among global oil and gas companies, and to strengthen its leadership through the results it achieves and the best practice it implements across the organization.
The Company is implementing a series of organizational and technical measures to mitagate against adverse environmental impacts. The Company has developed an environmental safety program based on the ‘Fundamentals of State Policy in the Field of Environmental Development in the Russian Federation for the Period through 2030’ approved by the Russian President.
The Company’s subsidiaries develop and implement:
- programs to remediate affected and contaminated land and waste recycling programs aimed primarily at removing the legacy effects;
- environmental health-checks (air cleanliness, waste water conditions, groundwater and soil conditions at buffer zone boundaries, industrial and consumer waste management);
- environmental strategy (modernization of equipment to reduce adverse impacts on the environment);
- target-oriented environmental programs and investment projects to eliminate adverse impacts on the environment;
- industrial environmental monitoring programs;
- regulatory and procedural documents of the Company in the field of environmental protection.
Updates to project documentation on environmental protection and industrial and environmental monitoring are conducted in accordance with legislative requirements and allow for systematic control over the degree of impact on natural environments.
A significant increase in payments for discharging pollutants into the open air has resulted from the additional multipliers now in effect following the Decree of the Russian Government No. 7 dated January 8, 2009, on Measures to Stimulate the Reduction of Air Pollution from Associated Gas Flaring Products.
The increase in fees for waste disposal is due to increased amounts of slurry formed during pit-free drilling at OJSC Slavneft-Megionneftegaz, as well as increased volumes of waste produced by petroleum product suppliers due to the consolidation of the assets of OJSC MTK and LLC Mosnefteprodukt with those of LLC Gazprom Neft — Center and the acquisition of assets from OJSC Gazprom Neft — Nizhny Novgorod. This has required payments to be made with an increased multiplier due to the expiration of environmental permits for a number of facilities incorporated into the newly purchased assets.
BREAKDOWN OF ENVIRONMENTAL SPEND, %
CURRENT EXPENSES FOR DESIGNING PROJECT DOCUMENTATION, CONDUCTING INDUSTRIAL CONTROL AND ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING, RUB MILLION
ENVIRONMENTAL SPENDING, RUB MILLION
IMPROVING AIR QUALITY
In 2012, the Company took a set of measures to protect the atmosphere. In accordance with the requirements of environmental protection legislation, provisions have been made to draft standards for maximum permissible emissions (MPE) of air pollutants, and documents are being prepared to obtain permits for emissions, along with developing projects to arrange sanitary protection zones (SPZ). The Company’s subsidiaries have established annual environmental monitoring programs and have made provisions for laboratory control over the quality of air at sources of polluting emissions and along SPZ boundaries. Fixed asset maintenance and repairs have contributed to a reduction in air pollution risks. The Company monitors the compliance of its business units with relevant operational practices. Provisions have been made for conducting control and adjustment operations associated with motor vehicle exhaust fumes. Projects related to capital construction, reconstruction and repairs of fixed assets have all had a positive impact. This specifically concerns, the construction of associated gas capture and recycling facilities at LLC Gazprom Neft-East, the installation of pontoon equipment at OJSC Slavneft-YaNOS and LLC Gazprom Neft-Omsk Refinery tank farms, the conversion of diesel fuel hydrotreaters over to water blocks equipped with closed oil separators at the OJSC Gazprom Neft-Omsk Refinery, the construction of modern mechanical treatment facilities while simultaneously decommissioning obsolete treatment facilities at OJSC Gazprom Neft-Moscow Refinery, and the installation of filters on air valves of the tank battery at LLC Gazprom Neft-Center, all of which have had a positive environmental impact.
Overall atmospheric pollutant emissions from the exploration and production segment (EPS) increased year-on-year in 2012. This was due to an increase in oil production and changes in the accounting methodology for emissions of air pollutants from associated gas flaring products. EPS facilities carry out regular projects designed to reduce emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere. These include the implementation of associated gas utilization programs, routine repairs and overhauls of fixed assets, including pumping equipment, gas pipelines, tanks,flares and stoves, as well as laboratory measurements of pollutant emissions from stationary sources of air pollution, etc.
Specific emissions have been reduced at oil refineries. Air protection measures have reduced overall pollutant emissions into the air,despite the increasing volume of crude oil being refined.
OVERALL POLLUTANT EMISSIONS, THOUSAND TONNES
OVERALL POLLUTANT EMISSIONS BY CONTAMINATORS, THOUSAND TONNES
EMISSIONS REDUCTION AT THE MOSCOW REFINERY:
Air pollutant emissions were reduced by over 100 t per annum thanks to the mothballing of the small bitumen unit and the rebuilding of the large bitumen unit at OJSC Gazpromneft-Moscow Refinery. Environmental safety is one of the main focuses of Gazpromneft-Moscow Refinery’s Development Program to 2020, as approved by the Company Board of Directors in 2012. The total planned investment is in the region of RUB 130 bn
A set of scientific, organizational and technical measures conducted as part of annual environmental safety programs contributes to reductions in water pollution risks. In 2012, research was conducted which helped to determine the permissible residual oil content in soils near where water resources are utilized, as well as the maximum permissible level of crude oil and petroleum products in bottom sediments of surface waters. The classification of soils specificto water conservation districts of the Taiga zone, Western Siberia, drafted in the course of the research, will improve the quality of water conservation and restoration projects at the Company’s EPS facilities in the future.
The Company routinely performs laboratory and instrumental monitoring of surface water, groundwater and wastewater, and also assesses bottom sediments of surface waters. EPS facilities have conducted destructive testing and pipeline monitoring at water crossings. The Company has arranged for underwater surveys of the areas. Zones have been determined for maintaining water quality in areas of water usage, and laboratory monitoring of groundwater quality has been arranged along with maintenance and repairs.
The increase in the volume of wastewater discharged to ground in 2012 was due to the additional disposal of bottom water at the Severo-Pokurskoye field, OJSC Slafneft-Megionneftegaz. The increased volume of regulatory treated wastewater discharged into the surface water facility of OJSC Slavneft-YaNOS was due to increases in both the crude oil refining volumes and in the amount of precipitation (according to the Yaroslavl Center for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring, the amount of precipitation in 2012 exceeded 2011 levels by 39%).
WATER CONSUMPTION, MILLION CUBIC METERS
VOLUME OF DISCHARGED WASTEWATER DISPOSAL, MILLION CUBIC METERS
The construction of advanced mechanical treatment facilities at the OJSC Gazpromneft-Moscow refinery was completed in 2012, and will reduce pollutant emissions from the treatment facilities by 96%. The quality of industrial wastewater treatment will also improve.
LAND USE AND SOIL RECLAMATION
In 2012, the Company took measures to conserve and restore land resources, taking into account the climate, water, soil and vegetation conditions in the areas of its operations. The EPS has compiled an inventory of affected, oil-contaminated lands and sludge storage. Reclamation projects based on the results of this inventory are now under development. They are continuously monitored and assessed in terms of their efficiency. License areas are cleared from unauthorized landfills and scrap metal. To prevent pipeline ruptures, corrosion inhibitor protection is provided for pipelines. The Company monitors the corrosion rate of pipelines and inspects their condition. End-to-end servicing and management of industrial oil-waste landfills is provided, and laboratory research is conducted at the landfills. A set of projects to reconstruct and overhaul pipelines, and to diagnose and prevent corrosion, reduced the number of pipeline ruptures.
In 2012, waste management operations focused on addressing problems like regulatory compliance, mitigation of environmental impacts and economic costs. In particular, projects were launched to strengthen diking at cluster sites, fuel storage tank farms, lubricants and liquid chemical agents, to install drainage tanks at cluster sites, prepare for quarrying peat and peat movement to sludge collectors, and to overhaul sludge collectors and solid waste landfills. As a result of these activities, the amount of reclaimed sludge storage has exceeded targets by 12%, with large volumes of oil waste treated in accordance with the approved plan.
WORK WITH STATE, EXPERT AND PUBLICENTITIES IN THE FIELD OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
Gazprom Neft has been actively involved in the process of improving environmental legislation and a range of package of existing legal instruments in this area. The Company’s experts have participated in expert reviews and made proposals on a number of legislative drafts.
Gazprom Neft is involved in international discussions on environmental issues. At the end of April 2012, as part of the Third International Environmental Conference, organized by Gazprom Neft and held at the NIS office center in Novi Sad (Serbia), experts from Russia, Serbia and the European Union discussed the issue of industrial waste disposal, which is vital for most major industrial companies. The discussion was aimed at sharing experiences and finding effective ways to eliminate existing pollution and prevent further occurrences.